Ganesha is a very popular god in Hinduism, and was one of the most worshipped. Hindu tradition states that Ganesha was a god of wisdom, success, and good luck. He was also giver of different types of favors. The Hindu tradition calls Ganesha as the Vighneshvara. "Vighneshvara" in Sanskrit language means one who was the lord of obstacles or difficulties. Thus, the Hindu tradition states that by worshiping Ganesha, one can remove all obstacles and difficulties.
There are many temples (mandirs) of Ganesha, however, in many Hindu temples there are statues and carvings. But, in most of the temples of Hindus, people worship Ganesha. Hindu Tradition gives Ganesha an important place. The tradition says that Hindus should worship their religious functions and ceremonies because he is the god of all obstacles. Generally, many Hindus also worship Ganesha before starting any new thing; for example, before occupying a new house.
Any picture, image or portrayal in any form of Ganesha generally has the following characteristics or features:
- He has the head of an elephant.
- He is shown with a big body, showing that the entire universe is inside him.
- His colour is red, orange, or yellow.
- Generally, he has four arms, and sometimes three eyes.
- He carries a mala (garland) and certain other items like a lotus flower.
- He sits generally with a bowl of sweets (laddus or modaks) before him.
- A mouse or rat will be near Ganesha. He uses a mouse (rat) as his mount (vahans).
Further notes on Hinduism:
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, "the eternal tradition", or the "eternal way", beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This "Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE, after the end of the Vedic period (1500 to 500 BCE), and flourished in the medieval period, with the decline of Buddhism in India.
Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognizable rituals, cosmology, shared textual resources, and pilgrimage to sacred sites. Hindu texts are classified into Śruti ("heard") and Smṛti ("remembered").
These texts discuss theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic yajna, Yoga, agamic rituals, and temple building, among other topics.Major scriptures include the Vedas and Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Ramayana, and the Āgamas.