Incense was often used in Mayan religious ceremonies. This particular incense burner has the image of a Mayan god carved into its top. The pantheon of Mayan gods is extensive and the names of some have been lost to time.
Further notes on Native American Spirituality:
Native American religions are the spiritual practices of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Traditional Native American ceremonial ways can vary widely and are based on the differing histories and beliefs of individual tribes, clans, and bands. Early European explorers describe individual Native American tribes and even small bands as each having their own religious practices.
Theology may be monotheistic, polytheistic, henotheistic, animistic, shamanistic, pantheistic, or any combination thereof, among others. Traditional beliefs are usually passed down in the forms of oral histories, stories, allegories, and principles, and rely on face to face teaching in one's family and community.